Preventing Pregnancy

Preventing Pregnancy

Preventing Unintended Pregnancy during the Zika Virus Outbreak. CDC is providing this information because Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect of the brain called microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects.

How to Prevent Unintended Pregnancy? If you decide that now is not the right time to have a baby, talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider. The best way to prevent unintended pregnancy if you are sexually active is to use an effective form of birth control the right way, every time you have sex.  It is important to find a type of birth control that is safe, effective, and works for you.

Types of Birth Control

There are many different types of birth control; some have hormones and some don’t. Also, some methods are permanent while others are reversible. The most effective reversible birth control is long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), which includes intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants. LARC are highly effective for years and once correctly in place, require no action on your part, but can be removed at any time if you decide you want to become pregnant.

For other types of birth control, the effectiveness depends on using them correctly and consistently—so these methods have lower effectiveness with typical use. These methods include

  • Hormonal methods (contraceptive shot, pills, patch, and ring)
  • Barrier methods (condoms, diaphragms, spermicides)
  • Methods based on understanding your monthly fertility pattern