Protect Yourself & Others

Protect Yourself & Others

Protect yourself and others from Zika. Following these tips will help to protect you, your partner, your family, your friends, and your community from Zika. The more steps you take, the more protected you are.

  • If you are caring for a family member or friend with Zika, take steps to protect yourself from exposure to the person’s blood and body fluids.
  • Protect Yourself & Others

    Prevent mosquito bites

    • Zika virus is spread to people mainly through the bite of an infected mosquito.
    • Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite mostly during the day, but they can also bite at night.
    • The best way to prevent Zika is to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
    What you can do

    Plan for travel

    • Currently, outbreaks are occurring in many countries and territories.
    • Zika virus will continue to spread and it will be difficult to determine how and where the virus will spread over time.
    What you can do
    • Check travel notices.
    • Plan for travel (both before AND after your trip)
    • Protect yourself during sex.

    Protect yourself during sex

    • Zika can be passed through sex from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners.
    • Studies are underway to find out how long Zika stays in the semen and vaginal fluids of people who have Zika, and how long it can be passed to sex partners. We know that Zika can remain in semen longer than in other body fluids, including vaginal fluids, urine, and blood.  
    What you can do
    • Not having sex can eliminate the risk of getting Zika from sex.
    • Condoms can reduce the chance of getting Zika from sex.
      • Condoms include male and female condoms.
      • To be effective, condoms should be used from start to finish, every time during vaginal, anal, and oral sex and the sharing of sex toys.
      • Dental dams (latex or polyurethane sheets) may also be used for certain types of oral sex (mouth to vagina or mouth to anus).
    • Learn how to protect yourself during sex.

    Build a Zika prevention kit

    What you can do
    • If you live in a state or area with the mosquito that spreads the Zika virus and you are concerned about Zika, learn how to build your own Zika Prevention Kit.

    If you have Zika, protect others

    • During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites. An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people.
    • Zika can be passed through sex from a person who has Zika to his or her partners. Sex includes vaginal, anal and oral sex, and the sharing of sex toys.
    What you can do
    • Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
    • Protect yourself during sex if your partner lives in or has traveled to an area with Zika.